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Academic publications | trade & industry

The true price of chocolate?, Ingram, Verina , AgroFood Industry Hi Tech, January/February, Volume 25, Issue 1, p.46, (2015) Ingram chocolate price 2015.pdf (242.94 KB)

Chocolate prices generally do not incorporate many of the environmental and social externalities, costs which are incurred as the main ingredients such as cocoa and sugar move from farms, to factories to consumers. Nor do prices reflect the benefits of non-conventional production and alternative...

In 2010, the Dutch coffee industry initiated the Letter of Intent as a result of its wish to coordinate the efforts to find how the coffee value chain (from tree to cup) can be made more sustainable. The letter of intent was supported by the Dutch government, IDH, a number of certification...

In 1992 the leaders of the world came together at the first Rio Earth summit, historically acknowledging the imperative of a needs based approach to sustainable development. Although agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration made a call upon all citizens of the world to play a role in ensuring...

FAIR TRADE – CONTRADICTING OR COMPLEMENTING SE? A critical research on RISE's Fair Trade activities within a social entrepreneurial framework, Gottlieb, Mikkel , Department Psychology and Eduction, 06/2014, Volume Social Entrepreneurship and Management, Roskilde, (2014)

Over the past decade Fair Trade (FT) has been praised as the miracle-cure to poverty globally, by securing a better deal for marginalised farmers and creating community development, while respecting the environment. In that sense, FT can seem to be in the scope of social entrepreneurship (SE) by...

This study examines the effect of crude oil price on Cocoa production in Nigeria between 1961 and 2008. The output of cocoa was specified as a function of factors such as exchange rate, cocoa producer price, crude oil price and structural adjustment programme. Quantitative estimates, based on...

Cocoa supplies may become limited in the future. Demands for sustainable cocoa sparked an exploration of the product chain organisation of conventional and certified cocoa from Ghana. The comparison shows that transparency requirements have led to a more complex product chain. Even so,...

We investigate the economic importance of implicit quality incentives in an agricultural market that lacks the institutional capacity for measuring quality verifiably. We measure the magnitude of implicit price premiums for quality, and we distinguish empirically between hedonic-pricing and...

Upgrading primary production: a global commodity chain approach, Gibbon, Peter , World Development, 2001///, Volume 29, Issue 2, p.345 - 363, (2001)

Global commodity chain (GCC) analysis has been concerned mainly with examining power relations in global manufacturing industries, although it has been preoccupied increasingly by the question of how developing country (DC) producers can upgrade. This paper extends GCC analysis to ``traditional...

Structural problems of West African cocoa exports and options for improvements, Bass, Hans-Heinrich , African Development Perspectives Yearbook, 2005///, Volume 11, (2005)

Cocoa production and trade has an ingloriously prominent position in Africa's Primary Commodity Dilemma. Adverse price movements for the raw beans as well as high barriers to entry in the markets for semi-processed and final products, along with a history of failed national and international...

The organisation of farmers as an emancipatory factor: the setting up of a supply chain of cocoa in São Tomé, Dulcire, M. , The Journal of Rural and Community Development, 2012, Volume 7, Issue 2, p.131 - 141, (2012)

Few studies have examined the implementation and evolution development of a contract as a learning process for the actors involved. Individual farmers in São Tomé were obliged to organize themselves into a collective in response to a chocolate manufacturer’s innovative proposal of an organic...

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