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Academic publications | economic policies

In 1992 the leaders of the world came together at the first Rio Earth summit, historically acknowledging the imperative of a needs based approach to sustainable development. Although agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration made a call upon all citizens of the world to play a role in ensuring...

Using micro level data from Cameroon this paper applies the theories of intrahousehold bargaining to models in which farmers decide whether to take up cocoa marketing on their own or to rely on others. Depending on their decision, sharing rules are shaped within the household on who controls...

Challenges of farmers’ innovativeness in central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia A, Gebre, Girma Gezimu, and Zegeye Dawit Mamo , International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research, 05/2014, Volume 2, Issue 5, Ethiopia, p.223, (2014) Challenges of Farmers innovativeness in central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia.pdf (522.4 KB)

Transformation of agriculture is essential for sustainable growth and
national progress of developing countries. To be successful in achieving this
objective Extension worker, researchers, development practitioners, and
institutions involved in rural development have to play a...

This study examines the effect of crude oil price on Cocoa production in Nigeria between 1961 and 2008. The output of cocoa was specified as a function of factors such as exchange rate, cocoa producer price, crude oil price and structural adjustment programme. Quantitative estimates, based on...

Cocoa supplies may become limited in the future. Demands for sustainable cocoa sparked an exploration of the product chain organisation of conventional and certified cocoa from Ghana. The comparison shows that transparency requirements have led to a more complex product chain. Even so,...

The rapid expansion of the production of agricultural commodities such as beef, cocoa, palm oil, rubber and soybean is associated with high rates of deforestation in tropical forest landscapes. Many state, civil society and market sector actors are engaged in developing and implementing...

The cocoa sector in Ghana is one of few examples of an export commodity sector in an African country that has withstood the pressure to fully liberalize. Despite substantial government control over internal and external marketing via the Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD), the current institutional...

Commodity policy in an era of liberalized global markets, Gibbon, Peter , Agricultural Commodities, Trade and Sustainable Development, 2005///, (2005)

This chapter reviews more and less mainstream policy options in relation to the commodity question in the light of both its classical definition and the emerging concern about oligopoly. It begins by updating the evidence concerning commodity price decline and volatility, and examining the...

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