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Academic publications | economic policies

This paper argues that donor interventions in the area of agro-commodities remain both feasible and of critical economic importance. However, for them to be Worthwhile they must be anchored in attention to and understanding of a set of issues laying just below the surface of questions such as...

A central objective of this paper is to further develop certain of the central categories of Global Commodity Chain (GCC) analysis and to apply them, first to a general consideration of what will be called ‘international trader-driven’ GCCs, and then to two GCCs for primary commodities emanating...

Production changes in Ghana cocoa farming households under market reforms, Teal, Francis, and Vigneri Marcella , Growth, poverty reduction and human development in Africa, 2004///, (2004)

The Ghana cocoa market has been extensively liberalised over the period since the mid-1980s. Two issues have been prominent in microeconomic research on agricultural supply response to liberalisation. The first has been the response to reduced subsidies on inputs, the second whether innovation...

Upgrading primary production: a global commodity chain approach, Gibbon, Peter , World Development, 2001///, Volume 29, Issue 2, p.345 - 363, (2001)

Global commodity chain (GCC) analysis has been concerned mainly with examining power relations in global manufacturing industries, although it has been preoccupied increasingly by the question of how developing country (DC) producers can upgrade. This paper extends GCC analysis to ``traditional...

Quality standards, conventions and the governance of global value chains, Ponte, Stefano, and Gibbon Peter , Economy and society, 2005///, Volume 34, Issue 1, p.1 - 31, (2005)

This article has utilized some of the key concepts of convention theory to further our understanding of governance in global value chains. It has shown that the historical trend from hierarchical to tendentially looser forms of coordination between lead firms and their suppliers (or buyers), and...

The structure of supply chains and their implications for export supply, Kaplinsky, Raphael, and Morris Mike , Nairobi: African Economic Research Consortium, 2007///, (2007)

This paper addresses the question why SSA economies have performed relatively poorly in terms of global export performance despite these structural changes in the inward-outward incentive system? It uses one of the production-oriented approaches, that is, the recent advances in the global value...

To satisfy continued growth in food demand without further degrading the natural environment, African farmers and policy-makers must pursue ‘sustainable agricultural intensification’ (SAI). African governments and donors should invest in both institutions and infrastructure and follow a middle...

Competitiveness and determinants of cocoa export from Nigeria, Nwachukwu, I. N., Agwu N., Nwaru J., and Imonikhe G. , Report and Opinion, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 7, p.54, (2010)

This study examined the competitiveness of cocoa exports by assessing the export performance and determinants of cocoa export from Nigeria. It was found that Nigeria has comparative advantage. World export volume, exchange rate and Nigerian cocoa output were determinants of cocoa export from...

Can price incentive to smuggle explain the contraction of the cocoa supply in Ghana?, BulÌř, A. , Journal of African Economies, 2002, Volume 11, Issue 3, p.27 - pgs., (2002)

The author of this paper argues that the price incentive to smuggle can explain as much as one-half of the observed decline in official output from cocoa from the early 1960s to the mid-1980s. And, although it recovered in the 1990s, it is still below peak levels. The analyis is supported by a...

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