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The business environment for smallholder cocoa farmers in Liberia has improved. Game-changing efforts by the government have increased competition among cocoa buyers and led to higher producer prices. Farmers are also encouraged by new investors to improve the quality of cocoa, for which they...

Stretching the market for cocoa products, L Chordia, Nitin , Chocoa 2015, 03/2015, Amsterdam, (2015) Session 2 - Nitin Chordia.pptx (4.45 MB)

This thesis aims to identify business strategies to close the gap between the current and the potential conditions in the cocoa production industry, comparing the situations in Colombia and Mexico.

On the basis of meaningful background information of the countries and their cocoa...

Cocoa is the major foreign exchange earner in Nigeria’s agricultural sector. It became a major produce in the sector in the 1950s with an average of 218 thousand tons over a period of 5 years, 1960 to 1965 (Akinwunmi, 1996). But from 1966-1970, cocoa output in the nation gradually declined,...

When small scale farmers in developing countries secure contracts with large international buyers, they are protecting themselves against certain risks such as short term-price fluctuations and other market uncertainties. However there are certain conditions that must be met to keep all parties...

The cocoa sector in Ghana is one of few examples of an export commodity sector in an African country that has withstood the pressure to fully liberalize. Despite substantial government control over internal and external marketing via the Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD), the current institutional...

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of collective marketing by FO on cocoa farmer’s price in Cameroun. This evaluation is done through the non-experimental method of impact evaluation which uses the techniques of “Propensity Score Matching”. Results show that collective marketing has...

In Ghana, the liberalization of internal marketing started in 1992 with the introduction of private Licensed Buying Companies (LBCs) as competitors to the state-owned monopoly in buying cocoa from farmers. Thus, Ghana’s state-owned Marketing Board (Cocobod) still controls external marketing....

Interlinked loans intended for the purchase of agrochemicals are an institutional innovation that evolved in Nigeria and southwest Cameroon following cocoa market liberalization. Since liberalization, an estimated $30 million market for fungicides and insecticides has developed. To increase...

Developing agricultural markets in Sub-Saharan Africa: organic cocoa in rural Uganda, Jones, Sam, and Gibbon Peter , Journal of Development Studies, 2011, Volume 47, Issue 10, p.1595 - 1618, (2011)

The results of a programme to develop a market for organic cocoa in rural Uganda are presented. It is shown that the scheme had a strong and persistent positive welfare effect. The primary mechanism is that of adoption of quality-enhancing methods. The scheme achieved this through an “Exogenous...

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