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Practical publications | chain governance

This Appendix to the report “Market Concentration and Price Formation in the Global Cocoa Value Chain” presents the results of the qualitative fieldwork and elaborates on pricing mechanisms in five cocoa producing countries and how public-private interactions have developed over time. For each...

This report explores to what extent market concentration in the cocoa value chain is responsible for the widespread poverty of cocoa farmers. The report finds that market concentration among chocolate manufacturers and cocoa processors is not the key cause. Instead, there are two other key...

This study reports on the extent to which sustainability initiatives in the cocoa, coffee and soy value chains
have been scaled up by companies. We have investigated how the private sector can be further stimulated to
engage in, sustain and increase their involvement in actions to...

Cocoa fact sheet, Wegner, Lucia , 04/2012, The Hague, p.12, (2012) Wegner (2012) Cocoa factsheet.pdf (431.09 KB)

Working paper prepared by Wageningen UR for an event about inclusive agri-markets in The Hague in 2012. The paper gives a summary of the cocoa industry, focussing especially on production in Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire. The paper also focusses on how businesses and other organisations related to the...

The UTZ Certified and Solidaridad cocoa programme aims to improve sustainability in cocoa supply chains through implementing UTZ Certification and training activities. LEI Wageningen UR has been commissioned by Solidaridad and UTZ Certified to conduct a baseline assessment of six cocoa projects...

Certification of agricultural products is an increasingly common tool that
is expected to contribute to agricultural improvement, farmer well-being,
poverty alleviation, reduced environmental impact and food safety. In an
increasingly competitive market, processors,...

In the spring of 2013, Oxfam’s Behind the Brands initiative launched a campaign to urge food and beverage companies to do more to ensure equal rights and treatment of women in their supply chains. The campaign focused on Mars, Mondelez and Nestle, who together source nearly 30 percent of the...

This document presents the full evaluation framework used by the independent evaluator to assess the cocoa gender assessment and action plans published by Mars, Mondelēz International and Nestlé in Summer 20141 . This document was initially produced as an internal working paper, but can be...

Three heavy metals Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr) and Lead (Pb) were investigated in samples (almonds, teguments, fresh juice and fermented juices) of cocoa (cocoa mercedes). The Cocoa “Mercedes” is promoted in Côte d'Ivoire to substitute the old plants in order to increase the productivity. The...

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