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Practical publications | chain governance

This paper introduces the supply and value chains of the Colombian cocoa agribusiness. For such purpose, we have identified not only the agents, phases, stages and factors influencing the planting and harvesting of the product, but also the chocolate and confection production process, as well as...

Sustainable Cocoa. The Netherlands and the International Cocoa Sector, , World Cocoa Conference - The Netherlands, 09/2014, (2014) 20140603_Cocoa_folder_ENG_lr.pdf (1.28 MB)

Sustainable commodities are high on the social and political agenda in The Netherlands. Most efforts focus on commodities where The Netherlands plays a significant role in the supply chain and where involved stakeholders are motivated to work towards substantive social, economic and ecological...

The Executive Director presents his compliments and has the honour to inform Members and Observers that the attention of the ICCO Secretariat has been drawn to attempts by individuals to move cocoa planting material and cocoa germplasm from one cocoa growing region/country to another without...

To achieve a more sustainable world cocoa economy the industry needs to start taking more focused action as soon as possible. Data on the current situation needs to be collected, publicly reported, activities towards sustainability goals need to be developed and the resulting improvements should...

The experience of VECO (Vredeseilanden Country Offices) working in Sulawesi with Armajaro, a leading global cocoa supplier, illustrates how an international NGO can collaborate with the private sector to generate new opportunities and resources for farmers. Through this process VECO has adopted...

Anti-Slavery International has prepared this in-depth analysis of how cocoa is produced and how child and slave labour enter its chain of production. It relates the history of cocoa and explores how this commodity fits within a global market. It also explains the events following the ‘discovery...

In this report, Oxfam assesses the social and environmental impacts of the world’s ten largest food and beverage companies and calls on them to take the critical next steps to create a just food system. Today, a third of the world’s population relies on small-scale farming for their livelihoods...

Cocoa in Ghana: shaping the success of an economy, Kolavalli, Shashi, and Vigneri Marcella , Yes, Africa can: success stories from a dynamic continent, 2011///, Washington, D.C., USA, p.201 - 217, (2011)

The pressure on the government and on its marketing institution to improve their efficiency (as measured by the share of the world price going to producers) rather than to seek full liberalization appears to have worked well in Ghana. Given the preponderance of smallholders in the sec- tor and...

With over $6 billion dollars in sales every year, the Hershey Company is one of the world’s largest producers of chocolate and candy products. Hershey’s products are sold in more than 70 countries and include Hershey’s Kisses and Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Bars as well as brands such as Reese’s,...

Structural adjustment in less developed countries has often mandated removal of state-run marketing boards to enhance efficiency in the marketing chain and to raise farm income. Concerns have been mounting about the negative side effects of cocoa market liberalization, including replacement of...

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