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Practical publications | private sector policies

The experience of VECO (Vredeseilanden Country Offices) working in Sulawesi with Armajaro, a leading global cocoa supplier, illustrates how an international NGO can collaborate with the private sector to generate new opportunities and resources for farmers. Through this process VECO has adopted...

Anti-Slavery International has prepared this in-depth analysis of how cocoa is produced and how child and slave labour enter its chain of production. It relates the history of cocoa and explores how this commodity fits within a global market. It also explains the events following the ‘discovery...

In January 2012, during the affiliation process of Nestlé with the Fair Labor Association, FLA sent independent experts to Ivory Coast to attempt to map the cocoa supply chain of Nestlé. The assessment team visited a total of 7 suppliers, 20 co-ops and 2 co-op unions, and 87 farms. Both...

This report analyses the position of women in the cocoa chain and the constraints they face. It is partly based on a field study conducted in Cote d’Ivoire. It also analyses the current policies of UTZ Certified and CSN/ Solidaridad with regard to gender issues. Practical examples of women’s...

In this report, Oxfam assesses the social and environmental impacts of the world’s ten largest food and beverage companies and calls on them to take the critical next steps to create a just food system. Today, a third of the world’s population relies on small-scale farming for their livelihoods...

Certified cocoa: scaling up farmer participation in West Africa, Paschall, Melissa, and Seville Don , Case Study Series - New Business Models for Sustainable Trading Relationships, 2012///, (2012)

When Unilever and other large international companies decided in 2009 to choose Rainforest Alliance (RA) certification for some of their chocolate brands, the scheme had to radically extend its reach and scale up certification efforts in order to meet projected demand. Since more than half the...

Oxfam’s Behind the Brands scorecard shows major gaps in the policies of the “Big 10” food and beverage companies when it comes to protecting and promoting women’s rights. Substantial evidence shows that women get a raw deal in food and beverage company supply chains and companies are failing to...

This report aims to enhance understanding of the position of Ghana’s cocoa farmers and their communities with respect to their livelihood in the context of a dynamic chocolate value chain. It deals with a wide range of subjects, including youth employment, youth aspiration, the future...

With over $6 billion dollars in sales every year, the Hershey Company is one of the world’s largest producers of chocolate and candy products. Hershey’s products are sold in more than 70 countries and include Hershey’s Kisses and Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Bars as well as brands such as Reese’s,...

Liberalization of the cocoa market in West Africa, due to structural adjustment reforms, has resulted in the elimination of parastatal marketing boards and initiated the creation of new institutions to replace the marketing services of those agencies. Concerns have been raised as to the effects...

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