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Practical publications | public policies

Over 25 retailers, chocolate producers and NGOs signed a letter of intent initiated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV) and IDH on sustainable cacao. The signing parties aim to support the revitalization of cocoa production in West-Africa to allow for the consumption of...

This report explores to what extent market concentration in the cocoa value chain is responsible for the widespread poverty of cocoa farmers. The report finds that market concentration among chocolate manufacturers and cocoa processors is not the key cause. Instead, there are two other key...

Nigeria’s cocoa production at 300,000 tons in 2013 showed an increase of 7 percent as compared to the previous year. The Government of Nigeria (GON) under its Cocoa Transformation Action Plan (CTAP) has targeted cocoa production to increase by 40 percent to reach 500,000 tons by 2015. GON...

The cocoa sector in Ghana is one of few examples of an export commodity sector in an African country that has withstood the pressure to fully liberalize. Despite substantial government control over internal and external marketing via the Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD), the current institutional...

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of collective marketing by FO on cocoa farmer’s price in Cameroun. This evaluation is done through the non-experimental method of impact evaluation which uses the techniques of “Propensity Score Matching”. Results show that collective marketing has...

The present document highlights the impact of import tariffs and VAT on the cocoa value chain. Furthermore, it reviews the incidence of indirect taxes and custom duties on cocoa beans, cocoa liquor, cocoa cake, cocoa butter, and cocoa powder. This document does not cover indirect taxes and...

Cocoa in Ghana: shaping the success of an economy, Kolavalli, Shashi, and Vigneri Marcella , Yes, Africa can: success stories from a dynamic continent, 2011///, Washington, D.C., USA, p.201 - 217, (2011)

The pressure on the government and on its marketing institution to improve their efficiency (as measured by the share of the world price going to producers) rather than to seek full liberalization appears to have worked well in Ghana. Given the preponderance of smallholders in the sec- tor and...

Structural adjustment in less developed countries has often mandated removal of state-run marketing boards to enhance efficiency in the marketing chain and to raise farm income. Concerns have been mounting about the negative side effects of cocoa market liberalization, including replacement of...

Liberalization of the cocoa market in West Africa, due to structural adjustment reforms, has resulted in the elimination of parastatal marketing boards and initiated the creation of new institutions to replace the marketing services of those agencies. Concerns have been raised as to the effects...

The task of the paper is to examine modes of economic governance and policy measures that may alter the economic playing field for sustainability and social equality in the cocoa sector. The paper will not define or measure sustainability in cocoa. It has a strong focus on the economic...

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