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Practical publications | gender & livelihoods

Child Protection in Cocoa-Growing Communities:
Child-Centered Community Development is an essential counterpart to productivity investments for cocoa sustainability.
This poster presents facts & best practices.

This study investigated the compliance of marketers of agrochemicals with the approved and banned cocoa pesticides in selected cocoa producing states of southwest Nigeria. Primary data was collected through the use of structured questionnaire administered to randomly selected agrochemical...

The study assessed the social impact of oil production on small holder farmers in oil-producing communities of the agriculture zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 120 respondents by the use of questionnaire. Soil erosion (96.6%), noise pollution (98.3%), bush burning (93.3%),...

This article examines the role of the chocolate industry in the exploitation of children on cocoa farms in Côte d’Ivoire. Under the guise of corporate social responsibility (CSR), the chocolate industry has used its power in the United States to shape policy and program-level initiatives to...

The problem posed to the cocoa sector by gender inequality in Côte d’Ivoire is twofold: First, since women perform 45% of the work on cocoa farms, it is inefficient from an economic standpoint not to view them as farmers and to fail to facilitate their participation in training and their access...

The use of children on cocoa farms in West Africa has received extensive attention over the last few decades due to media coverage in the international press and growing pressure from international organizations such as the International Labor Organization. Based on 2007 cocoa sector survey, the...

Supporting Tanzania’s cocoa farmers, Nyamora, A., Kanyeka Z., and Ndunguru A. , 2012///, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, (2012)

The main objective of this 2007/8 study was to learn more about cocoa production in Kyela. Specifically the study team sought to assess the impact of the crop on livelihoods and poverty reduction in the district, to identify constraints to cultivation, and to make recommendations for improving...

This report analyses the position of women in the cocoa chain and the constraints they face. It is partly based on a field study conducted in Cote d’Ivoire. It also analyses the current policies of UTZ Certified and CSN/ Solidaridad with regard to gender issues. Practical examples of women’s...

In this report, Oxfam assesses the social and environmental impacts of the world’s ten largest food and beverage companies and calls on them to take the critical next steps to create a just food system. Today, a third of the world’s population relies on small-scale farming for their livelihoods...

Oxfam’s Behind the Brands scorecard shows major gaps in the policies of the “Big 10” food and beverage companies when it comes to protecting and promoting women’s rights. Substantial evidence shows that women get a raw deal in food and beverage company supply chains and companies are failing to...

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