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Certification of agricultural products is an increasingly common tool that
is expected to contribute to agricultural improvement, farmer well-being,
poverty alleviation, reduced environmental impact and food safety. In an
increasingly competitive market, processors,...

In this factsheet, data sources are presented that can be used to find information
about factors that may influence the implementation and outcomes of activities by
UTZ Certified and partners. In this overview, we do not list the influencing factors
for which no publicly...

The study examined whether or not there is long run equilibrium relationship between Cocoa yield and climate change (i.e. Rainfall, Temperature and Humidity). This is to ascertain the impact of climate change on cocoa yield in the study area. The unit root test was carried out and it was...

Child labor is not a new phenomenon. Historically it was an accepted a stage of life for children too unfortunate to benefit from education. Especially since the European Enlightenment of the Eighteen Century, children ceased being seen as miniature adults who were especially useful for their...

Appearance is an important quality determinant of cocoa beans and it is used as standard criteria to establish the degree of fermentation and drying of the beans. Changes in browning index and colour (L*a* b*) during roasting of pulp pre-conditioned and fermented cocoa beans were studied using...

Trials were established on smallholder cocoa farms in three provinces in Sulawesi to assess productivity and constitutive responses of local cocoa clones to cocoa pod borer (CPB) and Phytophthora pod rot (Ppr) in different environmental situations. Twelve clones per trial (local farmer-assisted...

It has been identified that limited access to timely credit has been a major constraint militating against increased agricultural productivity by farmers. Studies have shown that a large percentage of farmers faced with credit constraints have low production efficiencies. This study empirically...

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