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Nigeria’s cocoa production at 300,000 tons in 2013 showed an increase of 7 percent as compared to the previous year. The Government of Nigeria (GON) under its Cocoa Transformation Action Plan (CTAP) has targeted cocoa production to increase by 40 percent to reach 500,000 tons by 2015. GON...

The cocoa bean shell is the major by-product of the cocoa bean during its processing into cocoa products. The cocoa bean shell makes about 10 – 12 % of the weight of the cocoa bean. Tons of the cocoa bean shell is disposed off as waste every year. Research over the years has been focused on...

Cocoa is the major foreign exchange earner in Nigeria’s agricultural sector. It became a major produce in the sector in the 1950s with an average of 218 thousand tons over a period of 5 years, 1960 to 1965 (Akinwunmi, 1996). But from 1966-1970, cocoa output in the nation gradually declined,...

When small scale farmers in developing countries secure contracts with large international buyers, they are protecting themselves against certain risks such as short term-price fluctuations and other market uncertainties. However there are certain conditions that must be met to keep all parties...

Approximately 140,000 cocoa farmers in West Africa are Fairtrade certified. Fairtrade is working with some of the smallest and most disadvantaged cocoa farmers in the region. Their average plot size is 2.6 hectares. On average, Fairtrade farmers in Ghana farm the smallest plots. Nine out of 10...

Gender equality and equity could lead to higher productivity levels and improved rural livelihoods

The big challenge: How to involve women to improve quality of cocoa whilst (1) making sure they benefit from improved quality and (2) without overburdening them with extra tasks?

Education is key to the future of cocoa communities in West-Africa. However, school attendance rates are low and dropout rates high, especially among girls

Responding to Child Labour
To effectively respond to the child labour risk there must be a clear understanding of the problem across the supply chain, with appropriate capacities and systems developed to prevent, identify and respond to child protection risks.

Child Protection in Cocoa-Growing Communities:
Child-Centered Community Development is an essential counterpart to productivity investments for cocoa sustainability.
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