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Practical publications

Alternative approaches to achieve a living income: A roadmap for flexible premiums, Huetz-Adams, Friedel , Alternative approaches to increase the income of cocoa farmers, April 2017, Bonn, (2017) , (Practical Publication)
Cocoa and Coconut in the Solomon Islands: A Family Affair, Laven, Anna , Amsterdam, (2016) , (Practical Publication)
Improving sustainability in cocoa and coffee, van Rijn, Fedes, and Ingram Verina , December 2016, Wageningen, (2016) , (Practical Publication)
BÁVARO COCOA DECLARATION - World Cocoa Conference 2016, , World Cocoa Conference, 05/2016, Bavaro, The Dominican Republic, (2016) , (Practical Publication)

Chain governance, sector policies and economic sustainability in cocoa: a comparative analysis of Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ecuador

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TitleChain governance, sector policies and economic sustainability in cocoa: a comparative analysis of Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ecuador
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsTon, G., Hagelaar G., Laven Anna C., and Vellema S.
Date Published2008
InstitutionStichting DLO
Publication Languageeng
Keywordschain governance, ecuador, gender & livelihoods, Ghana, Ivory Coast, markets & policies, public policies, public-private partnerships, rural development, social development, women

The task of the paper is to examine modes of economic governance and policy measures that may alter the economic playing field for sustainability and social equality in the cocoa sector. The paper will not define or measure sustainability in cocoa. It has a strong focus on the economic dimensions of the desired transition process towards sustainability, and, in the context of cocoa, emphasises the relevance of predictability and stability in the market for poor cocoa producers. The paper adopts a comparative framework to describe the evolution of public-private interaction in economic governance in the cocoa sector development. The case studies examine the involvement of national governments with managing and governing the economic realities in cocoa in two major West-African producing countries, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire, and one Latin American country producing a specific quality cocoa, Ecuador. The paper further focuses on the policy instruments used to in the governance system in these countries that are related with the economic sustainability of the sector. First, the paper introduces the issue of public-private interaction in the field of economic governance.


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