User login

To share, meet and learn for sustainable cocoa

Academic publications

How can the productivity of Indone sian cocoa farms be increased? , Tothmihaly, Andras, and Ingram Verina , GlobalFood, 07/2017, Gottingen, (2017) , (Academic Publication)
De-mystifying family farming:Features, diversity and trends across the globe, A.vanVliet, Jiska, and , Global FoodSecurity, 2015, Volume 5 , (2015) , (Academic Publication)
Cultural Elements and Women Subservient Roles among Cocoa Farm Families in Southwest Nigeria: Implications for HIV Prevention Strategies., , and A. Lawal O. , IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 05/2014, Volume 7, Issue 5, Nigeria, (2014) , (Academic Publication)
Challenges of farmers’ innovativeness in central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia A, Gebre, Girma Gezimu, and Zegeye Dawit Mamo , International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research, 05/2014, Volume 2, Issue 5, Ethiopia, p.223, (2014) , (Academic Publication)

Gender factor in the structure and conduct of the cocoa industry in Nigeria

anna laven's picture
TitleGender factor in the structure and conduct of the cocoa industry in Nigeria
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsAkinola, G. O.
JournalSouth African Journal of Business Management
End Page16 - pgs.
Date Published2005
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsaccess to finance, credit supply, farmers & labourers, farmers & production, Nigeria, productivity, West Africa, women

The study revealed that there was gender discrimination against women in access to credit due to their inability to provide collateral security. It was also found that the major marketing problems faced by cocoa marketers included those of pricing, finance, transportation, activities of fraudsters and high cost of marketing. The study also revealed that the structure of the industry did not seem to have contributed to the observed barriers to entry features. The problems preventing new entrants into the industry within the past few years included those of transportation, unstable price (unforeseen fall in Cocoa prices), access to loan or problems created by banks by charging what was considered to be too high bank interest rates on loan. These are without prejudice to their volume of trading.


Farmers & production


Logo Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands

Logo Royal Tropical Institute