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Academic publications

The Role of Cooperative Organizations in Rural Community Development in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges, Hussain, Muhammad Shehu , Academic Research International , 05/2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, NIGERIA., (2014) , (Academic Publication)
An Analysis of Yield Gap and Some Factors of Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) Yields in Ghana, F., Aneani, and K Ofori-Frimpong , Sustainable Agriculture Research, 09/2013, Volume 2, Issue 4, (2013) , (Academic Publication)
The roles of farmer participatory and on-farm selection in cocoa improvement with special reference to Ghana, Lockwood, G. , International Workshop on Cocoa Breeding for Farmers’ Needs, 2009///, (2009) , (Academic Publication)
The organisation of farmers as an emancipatory factor: the setting up of a supply chain of cocoa in São Tomé, Dulcire, M. , The Journal of Rural and Community Development, 2012, Volume 7, Issue 2, p.131 - 141, (2012) , (Academic Publication)

Improving productivity through group lending: Report on the Impact Evaluation of the Cocoa Abrabopa Initiative

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TitleImproving productivity through group lending: Report on the Impact Evaluation of the Cocoa Abrabopa Initiative
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsOpoku, E., Dzene R., Caria S., Teal F., and Zeitlin A.
JournalCentre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. http://www. csae. ox. ac. uk/output/reports/pdfs/rep2008-01. pdf
Date Published2009
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsaccess to services & inputs, credit supply, farmers & production, Ghana, West Africa

This report provides the results of an impact evaluation studying the Cocoa AbrabopaAssociation (CAA), a private-sector initiative in Ghana’s cocoa industry. CAA provided a bundle of inputs to farmers based on the Hi-Tech package developed by the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana. The inputs were given on credit to groups of farmers, who were jointly liable for their repayment. Evidence of large agronomic and economic returns to participation in the program was found. Preferred estimates suggest that members’ output increased by 638.5 kg relative to what was estimated would have been their output levels had they not participated in the program. This represents a substantial increase over previous production – on the order of a 20% rise in the total production of the farm, including lands not directly receiving CAA inputs. Moreover, even after examining changes in labour and spot-market purchases of other inputs, an average rate of return on CAA loans of approximately 176% is estimated. Taken on average, member farmers appear to benefit significantly from CAA membership. Still, there were 18% of farmers who did not experience repayment problems did who did not re-enroll in CAA for the 2008/09 season. The authors provide suggestions for further research.


Farmers & production


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