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Practical publications

Syscope, , 08/2014, (2014) , (Practical Publication)
Alternative approaches to achieve a living income: A roadmap for flexible premiums, Huetz-Adams, Friedel , Alternative approaches to increase the income of cocoa farmers, April 2017, Bonn, (2017) , (Practical Publication)
Improving sustainability in cocoa and coffee, van Rijn, Fedes, and Ingram Verina , December 2016, Wageningen, (2016) , (Practical Publication)
Cocoa Action Primer 1.0, World Cocoa Foundation , 05/2016, Washington D.C., (2016) , (Practical Publication)
cocoa barometer 2015 - USA Edition, Fountain, Antonie, and Hütz-Adams Friedel , 07-2015, p.1-56, (2015) , (Practical Publication)

Improving sustainability in cocoa and coffee

TitleImproving sustainability in cocoa and coffee
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2016
Authorsvan Rijn, Fedes, and Ingram Verina
Date PublishedDecember 2016
InstitutionWageningen UR
Publication Languageenglish

Dutch stakeholders join forces to improve sustainability in coffee and cocoa sector: In 2010, a range of public and private actors, civil society organisations, research organisations and stakeholders in the cocoa and coffee sectors signed letters of intent aimed at increasing the sustainability of imports into the Netherlands. The goal was to ensure that 50% of the beans used in cocoa products and 75% of coffee beans would be certified as sustainable by 2015. A complex challenge. These goals were not set lightly and no one underestimated the challenge ahead. The cocoa and coffee chains are characterised by a large volume of beans supplied by many small producers in developing countries. The sheer number of suppliers involved and the difficulties involved in certifying the beans bought from these smallholder farmers mean that improving sustainability in the coffee and cocoa sectors is a complex matter. To certify the sustainability of the sector, we must have knowledge about how the technical aspects of the chain – traceability, management & control and chain configurations – affect sustainability. As sustainability is strongly linked to productivity and the use of agricultural inputs, particularly fertilisers and water, many of the voluntary sustainability standards aim to improve productivity and the efficiency of input use. Action-oriented research: More research was clearly needed in order to gain a better insight into more effective and efficient ways of improving the sustainability of cocoa and coffee beans. In 2012 Wageningen University & Research took the lead in the design, coordination and implementation of an action-oriented research programme. The aim was to support the stakeholders united around the two letters of intent in reaching their goal of a significant rise in sustainable coffee and cocoa consumption in the Netherlands by 2015. This project was made possible by the financial support of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, which gave a strong signal of support for both the research concept and the goal of the letters of intent. Wageningen University & Research worked with partners from organisations directly involved in the initiatives – the Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) and indirectly the ISEAL Alliance, UTZ Certified, Jacobs Douwe Egberts, the DE Foundation and the Royal Dutch Coffee and Tea Association – as well as other research institutes, most notably the Royal Tropical Institute (IT) and CIRAD, the French agricultural research centre. Innovative efforts: Under the umbrella of the Dutch government’s innovative ‘Top Sector’ policy, the project ‘Improving the sustainability of Dutch cocoa and coffee imports: Synergy between practice, policy and knowledge’ was ran from 2012 to 2015. Scientists, business experts, government agencies and support partners spent four years deploying action-oriented research to improve the sustainability of cocoa and coffee imports to the Netherlands. The project addressed knowledge needs in relation to impact assessment, the upscaling of services delivered to farmers, knowledge sharing and information systems. Below we indicate several key results, with more being explored later in this document: •Supporting the development and implementation of impact assessment in monitoring and evaluation. Examples are our contributions to the Living Wage Income Methodology and a study on the role of training in enhancing sustainable coffee production in Vietnam. • Creating models to upscale service delivery for sustainable coffee and cocoa. This article on upscaling services to cocoa and coffee farmers is an excellent example. • Facilitating the embedding and consolidation of strategic research in publicprivate partnerships. KIT and Wageningen University & Research contributed to Cocoa CONNECT, the knowledge portal for sustainable cocoa and we helped design a strategic research agenda. • Contributing to information systems for credible, transparent and evidence based impact reporting. Wageningen University & Research gave important input to the ISO-CEN-NEN Sustainable Cocoa Standard and monitoring the Dutch letters of intent for coffee and cocoa



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