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Practical publications

Alternative approaches to achieve a living income: A roadmap for flexible premiums, Huetz-Adams, Friedel , Alternative approaches to increase the income of cocoa farmers, April 2017, Bonn, (2017) , (Practical Publication)
Cocoa and Coconut in the Solomon Islands: A Family Affair, Laven, Anna , Amsterdam, (2016) , (Practical Publication)
Improving sustainability in cocoa and coffee, van Rijn, Fedes, and Ingram Verina , December 2016, Wageningen, (2016) , (Practical Publication)
Cocoa fact sheet, Wegner, Lucia , 04/2012, The Hague, p.12, (2012) , (Practical Publication)

The role of certification and producer support in promoting gender equality in cocoa production

sjon van 't hof's picture
TitleThe role of certification and producer support in promoting gender equality in cocoa production
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsUTZ certified, and Oxfam-Novib
Publication Languageeng
Keywordsaccess to land, certification, farmer income, farmers & production, gender & livelihoods, Ghana, inclusion/exclusion, Ivory Coast, utz, women

This report analyses the position of women in the cocoa chain and the constraints they face. It is partly based on a field study conducted in Cote d’Ivoire. It also analyses the current policies of UTZ Certified and CSN/ Solidaridad with regard to gender issues. Practical examples of women’s empowerment in food crop production are discussed and lessons are drawn. An overview is provided of feedback and recommendations that came out of stakeholder consultation activities with a specific focus on gender. Finally, recommendations are given that can be applied to a Code of Conduct, producer support activities, and other general policy and activities. Gender issues are an important sustainability issue because: (1) a high number of women is working in cocoa production; (2) cocoa is an important cash crop in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire; (3) the income from cocoa is relatively large (with cocoa's share estimated at between one-half and two-thirds of total cash income; (4) cocoa could play an important role in empowering women; 5) cocoa can be grown on marginal land, such as hill sides and more remote areas without irrigation and this makes it a good crop for farmers without access to larger and more fertile plots; and (6) cocoa provides women with economic security and more secure ways to gain rights of land.


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