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Practical publications

Alternative approaches to achieve a living income: A roadmap for flexible premiums, Huetz-Adams, Friedel , Alternative approaches to increase the income of cocoa farmers, April 2017, Bonn, (2017) , (Practical Publication)
Improving sustainability in cocoa and coffee, van Rijn, Fedes, and Ingram Verina , December 2016, Wageningen, (2016) , (Practical Publication)
Cocoa fact sheet, Wegner, Lucia , 04/2012, The Hague, p.12, (2012) , (Practical Publication)
A touch of cocoa Baseline study of six UTZ-Solidaridad cocoa projects in Ghana, Weerts, Yuca, and al Lan Ge et , 07/2013, The Hague, p.183, (2013) , (Practical Publication)

Study on the costs, advantages and disadvantages of cocoa certification

sjon van 't hof's picture
TitleStudy on the costs, advantages and disadvantages of cocoa certification
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2012
Keywordscertification, cost-benefit analysis, fair trade, farm size, farmer income, farmers & production, Ghana, Ivory Coast, standards

In February 2012, ICCO requested KPMG to conduct a study on the costs, advantages and disadvantages of cocoa certification, with an emphasis on cocoa farmers. Cost-benefit analysis shows that farmers in general can benefit from certification, provided that certain conditions are met. The study finds that certification can provide a net benefit to farmers, although the magnitude of benefits differs per country. Other subjects include: key challenges faced by cocoa producers; and, the main certification schemes working with cocoa farmers, namely Fairtrade, Rainforest Alliance, UTZ Certified and Organic, pointing out the key differences and similarities.


Farmers & production


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