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Recent added content | farmers & production

The value of the cocoa bean shell (hull) and the effect of various processing methods on the phyto-constituents and antioxidant activity of the nib and shell (Publication)

The cocoa bean shell is the major by-product of the cocoa bean during its processing into cocoa products. The cocoa bean shell makes about 10 – 12 % of the weight of the cocoa bean. Tons of the cocoa bean shell is disposed off as waste every year. Research over the years has been focused on...

The State of Sustainability Initiatives Review 2014 (Publication)

In 1992 the leaders of the world came together at the first Rio Earth summit, historically acknowledging the imperative of a needs based approach to sustainable development. Although agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration made a call upon all citizens of the world to play a role in ensuring...

Market Access for Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Nigeria: What Options? (Publication)

Cocoa is the major foreign exchange earner in Nigeria’s agricultural sector. It became a major produce in the sector in the 1950s with an average of 218 thousand tons over a period of 5 years, 1960 to 1965 (Akinwunmi, 1996). But from 1966-1970, cocoa output in the nation gradually declined,...

Agricultural intensification in Ghana: Evaluating the optimist’s case for a Green Revolution (Publication)

While there are valid reasons for a renewed interest in adapting the lessons of the Asian Green Revolution to the African setting, research must go further in identifying the main, and potentially unique, drivers of agricultural intensification within and across African countries. In this study...

Evaluation of river sand as a medium for raising cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) seedlings (Publication)

A nursery experiment was conducted between November, 2011 and May, 2012 at the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana to investigate the effect of using river sand and river sand-topsoil mixture on cocoa seedlings. Treatments tested were sole topsoil, sole river sand, river sand + foliar fertilizer (...

Organic chocolate for the Swiss market: Contract farming in the cocoa sector in Honduras (Publication)

When small scale farmers in developing countries secure contracts with large international buyers, they are protecting themselves against certain risks such as short term-price fluctuations and other market uncertainties. However there are certain conditions that must be met to keep all parties...

Applying life cycle management of colombian cocoa production (Publication)

The present research aims to evaluate the usefulness of the application of Life Cycle Management in the agricultural sector focusing on the environmental and socio-economic aspects of decision making in the Colombian cocoa production. Such appraisal is based on the application of two...

Improving Productivity and Alleviating Poverty by Acknowledging the Role of Women - Poster presented at the WCC 2014 (Publication)

Gender equality and equity could lead to higher productivity levels and improved rural livelihoods

Increasing Cocoa Quality by Acknowledging the role of Women - Poster presented at the WCC 2014 (Publication)

The big challenge: How to involve women to improve quality of cocoa whilst (1) making sure they benefit from improved quality and (2) without overburdening them with extra tasks?

The Role of Education in Empowering Young Women in West-African Cocoa Communities - Poster presented at WCC 2014 (Publication)

Education is key to the future of cocoa communities in West-Africa. However, school attendance rates are low and dropout rates high, especially among girls



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