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Academic publications | productivity & quality

Cocoa is cultivated in more than 40 countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America. Over 90% of global cocoa production cultivated by an estimated 5.5 million smallholders and most live below the poverty line and lack access to nutritious food. This concept brief analyzes cocoa production...

To satisfy continued growth in food demand without further degrading the natural environment, African farmers and policy-makers must pursue ‘sustainable agricultural intensification’ (SAI). African governments and donors should invest in both institutions and infrastructure and follow a middle...

Extension as an activity is traditionally viewed as a means of transmitting knowledge to farmers by extension institutions. Extension activities are not the preserve of extension institutions alone. Research institutions, input distributors, produce buying agencies, non-governmental...

Interactive communication between extension agents and cocoa farmers in Ghana is critical to the effort to raise farm-level productivity. This study sought to investigate the perceptions of extension agents on how prepared they are for their jobs, the support they receive from their employer and...

In this study, as part of the cocoa selection process, the farmers’ knowledge of cocoa planting materials in two major cocoa growing areas of Cameroon is considered. Two surveys were carried out in farmers’ fields to assess the agronomic profile of their cocoa planting materials, their...

Sulawesi is currently the largest cocoa producing area in the Asia/Pacific region. This Indonesian island was one of the first places where cocoa was introduced into Asia in the 17th century. Because there have been many different subsequent introductions since then, cocoa planting materials in...

This paper summarises the findings of a survey conducted among 102 cocoa farmers in five growing regions of Trinidad in 2005-2006. It was undertaken by the Research Division of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources (MALMR) as a planned activity within the project CFC/ICCO/...

A survey was conducted among 280 cocoa farmers from 2001-2003, in six main cocoagrowing regions of Côte d’Ivoire (Abengourou, Aboisso, Divo, Gagnoa, Daloa and Soubré). The survey sought to determine farmers’ knowledge, preferences, selection and the use of cacao planting material. Farmers were...

The Guinean rain forest (GRF) of West Africa, identified over 20 years ago as a global biodiversity hotspot, had reduced to 113,000 km² at the start of the new millennium which was 18% of its original area. The principal driver of this environmental change has been the expansion of extensive...

Investing in agrochemicals in the cocoa sector of Côte d’Ivoire: Hypotheses, evidence and policy implications, Nkamleu, G. B., Keho Y., Gockowski J., and David S. , African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, p.145 - 166, (2007)

This study describes the status of the adoption of various chemical inputs and uses a multiplicative heteroscedastic Tobit model to identify and quantify the impact of the socioeconomic environment on the incentive to invest among cocoa farmers in Côte d’Ivoire. It was found that farmer,...

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