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Despite the fact that some efforts have been made to increase cocoa production in Nigeria, farmers are still producing below expected cocoa production figure due to old and moribund cocoa trees. This studyassesses the factors affecting adoption of cocoa farm rehabilitation techniques in Oyo...

A survey was conducted to provide insight into the standard of living of cocoa farmers in Ghana. A total of 637 households (with 3392 persons) were randomly sampled using a multi staged sampling technique from eleven cocoa districts in Ghana. Formal questionnaires were used to interview the...

A range of different public and private sector organisations have intervened to improve the production of cocoa and smallholder livelihoods in Indonesia. They have employed a variety of methods and approaches. While some successes are evident, cocoa smallholders continue to struggle with the...

This research was conducted to produce a mapping of the fine flavour cocoa (FFC) market for 11 countries of interest in Latin – America, Asia and Africa, and to define the potential of fine flavour cocoa for these countries. The research focussed on the varieties of fine flavour cocoa, the...

The use of citric acid as an extractant could boost the industrial recovery of pectin from waste cocoa husks that are generated during cocoa production, say researchers. In this research, different extraction conditions were applied to investigate the effect of temperature, extraction time and...

This publication reflects essays of participants of the module Partnerships for International Sustainable Development, of the post-graduate course of "International Sustainable Development" for profesionalls in business and society organized by the University of Aplied Sciences Leiden in...

Commodity policy in an era of liberalized global markets, Gibbon, Peter , Agricultural Commodities, Trade and Sustainable Development, 2005///, (2005)

This chapter reviews more and less mainstream policy options in relation to the commodity question in the light of both its classical definition and the emerging concern about oligopoly. It begins by updating the evidence concerning commodity price decline and volatility, and examining the...

This paper argues that donor interventions in the area of agro-commodities remain both feasible and of critical economic importance. However, for them to be Worthwhile they must be anchored in attention to and understanding of a set of issues laying just below the surface of questions such as...

A central objective of this paper is to further develop certain of the central categories of Global Commodity Chain (GCC) analysis and to apply them, first to a general consideration of what will be called ‘international trader-driven’ GCCs, and then to two GCCs for primary commodities emanating...

Transformation of global sourcing over recent decades has significant implications for gender relations of production in the developing world. Analysis of global production networks and value chains (GPN/GVC) provides important insights into the changing dynamics of global sourcing and its...

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