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A touch of cocoa Baseline study of six UTZ-Solidaridad cocoa projects in Ghana (Publication)

The UTZ Certified and Solidaridad cocoa programme aims to improve sustainability in cocoa supply chains through implementing UTZ Certification and training activities. LEI Wageningen UR has been commissioned by Solidaridad and UTZ Certified to conduct a baseline assessment of six cocoa projects...

Reformed cocoa market benefits liberian farmers (Publication)

The business environment for smallholder cocoa farmers in Liberia has improved. Game-changing efforts by the government have increased competition among cocoa buyers and led to higher producer prices. Farmers are also encouraged by new investors to improve the quality of cocoa, for which they...


"The National Committee for Monitoring Actions against Trafficking, Exploitation and Child Labour of the Ivorian authorities presented its 2015-2017 National Action Plan in Abidjan on the 15th of December. With a global cost of 12 920 296 600 CFA or $ 21 million, this plan will be funded mainly...

Sustainability of international Dutch supply chains: Progress, effects and perspectives (Website)

Dutch trade has become ever more sustainable, over the last years. The sustainable market
share was able to soar, also because of the efforts by social organisations, consumers
and the business community. Dutch market parties voluntarily have been contributing
to the...

The Effect of climate change on cocoa production in Ekiti and Ondo States of Nigeria: A co-integration analysis (Publication)

The study examined whether or not there is a short run and long run equilibrium relationship between cocoa output and climate change variables (i.e. Rainfall, temperature and humidity). This is to ascertain the effect of climate change on cocoa output both in the short run and long run in the...

2013/14 Survey Research on Child Labor in the West African Cocoa Sector (Publication)

A new Tulane University study of the West African chocolate industry estimates that 2.12 million child laborers worked in cocoa production in the 2013/2014 cocoa harvest season in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana.

The study, commissioned by the U.S. Department of Labor, also found evidence of...

Certification and wage labour in the cocoa sector in Ghana (Publication)

To date, numerous efforts have been made to study the impact of various certification programmes for tropical commodities in developing countries. Most of these studies focus on the farmers participating in these programmes. However, not much scientific attention yet has gone to (wage) workers...

A Collaborative Approach to Cocoa Sustainability (Publication)

There appears to be a growing consensus that a severe cocoa-supply shortage is a distinct reality in the near future.The math is simple; a mere 3 percent growth in consumption would require the addition of nearly 1.8 million metric tons of cocoa by 2025

Analysis of Farmers Adoption Behaviour of CRIG Recommended Technologies as a Package: The Case of Some Self Help Cocoa Farmer Associations in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Publication)

Adoption of recommended technologies as a package is the prelude to increase cocoa productivity per unit area. This is due to the interactive benefits of individual technologies which have been recommended by the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). However, many surveys among cocoa farmers...



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