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The true price of chocolate? (Publication)

Chocolate prices generally do not incorporate many of the environmental and social externalities, costs which are incurred as the main ingredients such as cocoa and sugar move from farms, to factories to consumers. Nor do prices reflect the benefits of non-conventional production and alternative...

Climate Change and the Cocoa Production in the Tropical Rain Forest Ecological Zone of Ondo State, Nigeria (Publication)

The study examined whether or not there is long run equilibrium relationship between Cocoa yield and climate change (i.e. Rainfall, Temperature and Humidity). This is to ascertain the impact of climate change on cocoa yield in the study area. The unit root test was carried out and it was...

Competitiveness of cocoa-based farming household in Nigeria (Publication)

Nigeria is the third largest producer of cocoa in Africa producing about 6% of the total world production. The objective of thsi study is to assess the competitiveness,. comparative advantage and effect of government policies on cocoa production in Ondo state Nigeria.

Improving Nutritional Quality of Cocoa Pod (Theobroma cacao) through Chemical and Biological Treatments for Ruminant Feeding: In vitro and In vivo Evaluation (Publication)

Cocoa pod is among the by-products of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) plantations. The aim of this study was to apply a number of treatments in order to improve nutritional quality of cocoa pod for feeding of ruminants. Cocoa pod was subjected to different treatments, i.e. C (cocoa pod without any...

Does cocoa-fruit intercropping impact infestation by the cocoa mirid bug Sahlbergella Singularis (Hemiptera:Miridae)? (Publication)

Worldwide, crop monocultures have proven to be particularly susceptible to pests and diseases. In Africa, unshaded “pure” cocoa plantations are often highly damaged by mirids and consequently require intensive phytosanitary protection. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an...

Preventing Child Labor in Developing Economies (Publication)

Child labor is not a new phenomenon. Historically it was an accepted a stage of life for children too unfortunate to benefit from education. Especially since the European Enlightenment of the Eighteen Century, children ceased being seen as miniature adults who were especially useful for their...

Pathways for sustainable intensification and diversification of cocoa agroforestry landscapes in Cameroon (Publication)

There is increasing recognition that rural landscapes possess a strong potential for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest degradation. As an agroforestry option, cocoa systems have been widely cited as a potential climate-smart agricultural practice. More specifically, it has been...

Effect of Roasting Conditions on the Browning Index and Appearance Properties of Pulp Pre-Conditioned and Fermented Cocoa (Theobroma Cacao) Beans (Publication)

Appearance is an important quality determinant of cocoa beans and it is used as standard criteria to establish the degree of fermentation and drying of the beans. Changes in browning index and colour (L*a* b*) during roasting of pulp pre-conditioned and fermented cocoa beans were studied using...

Testing local cocoa selections in three provinces in Sulawesi: (i) Productivity and resistance to cocoa pod borer and Phytophthora pod rot (black pod) (Publication)

Trials were established on smallholder cocoa farms in three provinces in Sulawesi to assess productivity and constitutive responses of local cocoa clones to cocoa pod borer (CPB) and Phytophthora pod rot (Ppr) in different environmental situations. Twelve clones per trial (local farmer-assisted...

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